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Print Glossary: U - Z

U
  • U & lc - An abbreviation for UPPER and lower case.
  • Undercolor Removal (UCR) - A technique for reducing the amount of magenta, yellow, and cyan in neutral areas and replacing them with an appropriate amount of black.
  • Universal Copyright Convention (UCC) - Gives protection to authors or originators of text, photographs or illustrations etc, to prevent use without permission or acknowledgment. The publication should carry the copyright mark, the name of the originator and the year of publication.

V
  • Varnishing - A finishing process whereby a transparent varnish is applied over the printed sheet to produce a glossy finish.
  • Vellum - The treated skin of a calf used as a writing material. The name is also used to describe a thick creamy book paper.
  • Vertical justification - The ability to adjust the interline spacing (leading) and manipulation of text in fine increments to make columns and pages end at the same point on a page.
  • Vignette - A small illustration in a book not enclosed in a definite border.
  • Vignette halftone - Etching out the tone around the edges of the image on a halftone to make it fade away.

W
  • Watermark - An impression incorporated in the paper making process showing the name of the paper and/or the company logo.
  • Weight - The degree of boldness or thickness of a letter or font.
  • WF - An abbreviation for "wrong fount". Used when correcting proofs to indicate where a character is in the wrong typeface.
  • Widow - A single word left on the last line of a paragraph which falls at the top of a page.
  • Wire stitching - Aee saddle or side stitching.
  • Wood free paper - Made from chemical pulp only with size added. Supplied calendared or supercalendered.
  • Word spacing - Adding or reducing space between words to complete justification.
  • Word wrap - In word processing, the automatic adjustment of the number of words on a line of text to match the margin settings. The carriage returns set up by this method are termed soft, as against hard carriage returns resulting from the return key being pressed.
  • Work and tumble - A method of printing where pages are again imposed together. The sheet is then printed on one side with the sheet being turned or tumbled from front to rear to print the opposite side.
  • Work and turn - A method of printing where pages are imposed in one form or assembled on one film. One side is then printed and the sheet is then turned over and printed from the other edge using the same form. The finished sheet is then cut to produce two complete copies.
  • Wove - A finely textured paper without visible wire marks